Products :-
Pure-ti products are Titanium alkoxides which produces Solid titanium oxoalkoxides and titanium oxides when reacts with water/moisture in air.

Strong-ti Iso propyl titanate Monomer and Butyl titanate monomer after hydrolysis may choke pipelines and charging discharging valves. Utmost care should be taken to avoid hydrolysis by taking necessary measures during storage, transportation or handling.
Structural formula     Ti(OC3H7)4
Molecular weight 284
Boiling point  deg C 232 deg C @760mmHg:03 deg C @10mm Hg
Melting point deg C 17-19
Vapour pressure at 108 deg C 10.0 mm Hg
Heat Capacity 0.445cal/gm.deg F, @50deg C;0.528 cal/gm. deg F  @150 deg C
Density at 25 deg C 0.955 gm/cc
Heat of Vaporization at 140 deg C -24Cal/gm.deg F
Boiling point of Hydrolised product 83 deg C (Isopropyl alcohol)
Flash point More than 46 deg C of Pure-ti IPTM
Flash point when hydrolised 11 to 20 deg (Isopropyl alcohol)
Structural formula     Ti(OC4H9)4
Molecular weight 340
Boiling point  deg C 312 deg C @760mmHg:03 deg C @10mm Hg
Melting point deg C -
Vapour pressure at 108 deg C 10.0 mm Hg
Density at 25 deg C 0.985 to 1.005 gm/cc
Boiling point of Hydrolised product 116 deg C (Butyl alcohol)
Flash point More than 42 deg C of Pure-ti BTM
Flash point when hydrolised 32 deg (N-Butyl alcohol)
Strong-ti products are tested after storage for one year and not found any deviation in standard parameter if stored properly.
Ideally Strong-ti products should be stored in cool and dry place. Considering all safety aspects including access for Fire-fighting and Emergency evacuation should do selection of space.
DRUMS: Strong-ti drums or containers should not store on roof of building, close to electrical switches or connection and near the heat source.
Drums or containers should not be stored on top of each other or below ground level. Drums or containers should be easily accessible for easy handling or periodic examinations.
Drums or container should not store near source of water/moisture/steam.
Storage Tanks: The tanks must be clean and be blanketed with dry air or nitrogen. Nitrogen or Air must be free from moisture. It is recommended that Strong-ti IPT to be held at about 20 deg c to avoid solidification or high viscosity. Temperature controlled steam tracing or electric heating cable can be wrapped around tanks to supply heat. The use of an external heat exchanger and appropriately designed circulating pump can be used to maintain storage tank temperature.
MS storage tank not recommended because of problems of rust contamination and cleaning.
Stainless steel 316 is ideal.
Polyester and epoxy resins reinforced with glass fiber provide the best combination of economy, durability and chemical inertness for tanks to tank linings.
PUMPS: When Strong-ti IPTM come in contact with moisture it gets hydrolyze and forms Titanium dioxide and long chain intermediate polymer which will get solidify and choke pump, destroy seals and packing. Pumps should be flushed with Isopropyl alcohol or any other organic liquid compatible with process material. WATER CANNOT BE USED AS FLUSH LIQUID. Centrifugal open shaft or canned pumps will be suitable for transferring Strong-ti IPTM.
PIPING: Stainless steel is recommended for piping. For transferring Strong-ti IPTM at below 20 deg ambient temperature Heat and insulation is required to keep material in liquid state. Steam tracing should be sandwiched between two layers of insulation to avoid discoloration of product by over-heating. PTFE Resin insulated electric heating cable is more convenient than steam tracing. Thermo controllers to be installed at appropriate spots on pipeline to control pipe temperature.
Bulk Tanks: Strong-ti can be transported in bulk tankers. Since the Strong-ti products are very sensitive to moisture special care needs to take in design of tanks.
Strong-ti can be supplied in isotanks, with a capacity of 24000 litres, in a single compartment insulated stainless steel, mounted within a mild steel frame. They should have the facility to be steam heated. The maximum operating pressure and temperature shall be 4.0 barg and 120°C. The design code ASME VIII Div 1. to specification ISO 1496 III.
Strong-ti solidifies if the ambient temperature is low. For this reason lines should be fitted with steam coils or electric heat tracing.
MS Drums:
Specification of Drums : UN approved
Flat top, Close mouth with head Tri-Sures with tab seal EPDM Bungs.
Internal ht- 845 to 847 mm
Outer ht – 886 to 888 mm
Internal dia – 569 to 571
External dia – 583 to 585 mm
Tare wt - 21.5 to 22.5 Kgs
Refer to Strong-ti MSDS and technical datasheet.

Before handling Strong-ti products ensure that necessary precautions have been taken as recommended in MSDS.

When handling TIPT, extra preparations are necessary. Due to its high melting point (17-19°C) it may solidify. To overcome solidification one of following method is suitable-

1. Allow drums or tanks to stand overnight in an ambient temperature of 25 – 30°C
Place drums (unopened) in a boxed structure and apply low pressure steam to create localised heating. This will need careful monitoring but can melt the TIPC in 2-3 hours.
Circulate hot dry air or hot water or low pressure steam through jacket or limpet coil of tanks. It is recommended to keep material under circulation while heating. PTFE resin insulated electric heating cable is most convenient where hot air/steam is not available. All necessary precaution is needed to be taken while heating tank.
Operators who handles Strong-ti products should take following precautions:
» Wearing of Face Mask, Handgloves, Gumboots and Goggles.
» Do not consume food or drink in working areas.
» Smoking strictly prohibited
» Eye wash /flushing facility
» Inhalation of dust should be avoided.
Before storage or starting process, tanks, vessels and all accessories like pumps, pipelines should be clean and dry. Preferably these should be purged by Nitrogen. The Funnel or transfer lines should be metal. Stainless steel flexible hoses with 150 flanged ends and PTFE liners are ideal. Earthing should be provided to container and receiver.

Strong-ti products are flammable and free solvent in product may undergo flame if necessary precaution has not been taken. To minimise risk effectively, ground conducting objects to zinc coated steel. Containers and pipe flanges should be earthed. If possible, assign special area for storage and handling of Flammable material.

Since the alcohols are having very high conductivity value risk is less of static. But contamination of hydrocarbon solvent such as Heptanes or Hexane having low conductivity value increases risk of static.
Ensure proper earthing of container, receiver and pipework, pump.

Filling velocity should be kept less than 5m/s. It is advisable to restrict discharging rate to 120L/min.

Unloading floor should be covered or surfaced with solvent resistant material. Necessary care should be taken to minimize spillage.

The following additional recommendations should be followed :
Ensure adequate venting prior to emptying
Do not discharge under pressure, as this will distort the container.
Do not connect metal couplings to the valve. Use of plastic couplings or camlock fittings is recommended.
Do not tighten couplings onto the valve outlet with wrenches, spanners, stilsons etc.
After emptying ensure that the valve is securely closed.
For tanks camlock couplings are used to connect the pump to the tank discharge spigot via a flexi-hose. The use of a self priming pump (such as an air operated double diaphragm pump) is recommended. It is recommended that for discharge from all bulk containers, a nitrogen purge is used to protect the product from hydrolysis. To discharge from drum trombone is connected to a flexible stainless steel line using can-lock couplings and is immersed in the liquid product inside the drum. The pump is operated as required. For flammable materials the drum is earthed prior to discharge to prevent the build-up of static electricity. The pump and process lines may be purged with isopropanol after charging.
C1B - Plot No. 2805, New Chemical Zone, GIDC, Sarigam - 396155, Dist. Valsad, Gujarat, INDIA.
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